Shanghai Cooperation Organization member states Summit gets underway in Samarkand
16 september 2022, 14:05
A summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) member states has today been held in Samarkand.
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev welcomed President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, and other heads of state and government who attended the Summit.
The heads of state and government then posed together for a group photo.
The expanded meeting of the Summit then was held.
Chair of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev greeted the heads of state and government who attended the Summit, and made a speech.
The President of Azerbaijan made a speech at the event.
Speech of President Ilham Aliyev
-Distinguished Shavkat Miromonovich,
Distinguished Heads of State and Government,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I would like to thank the President of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Miromonovich Mirziyoyev for inviting me to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit.
Few months ago, I had a very successful state visit to Uzbekistan and now I am glad to be here, in brotherly Uzbekistan, ancient and beautiful city of Samarkand.
Under the leadership of my brother Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Uzbekistan has gone through a path of rapid development and successful reforms in recent years.
I would like to inform colleagues about transit, transport and logistics capabilities of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan has made significant contributions to the launch of regional connectivity projects such as East-West and North-South transportation corridors.
Currently, Baku International Trade Seaport have the handling capacity of 15 million tons of cargo per year, which can be increased up to 25 million tons.
In the first 7 months of 2022, the transit through Azerbaijan increased by nearly 50 %.
Azerbaijan has the largest civilian cargo fleet in the Caspian Sea with 52 ships. The Baku Shipyard can produce all types of ships.
During the last 20 years 19.000 km of highways and 1400 km of railroads were either built or extensively repaired in Azerbaijan. Today Azerbaijan is building thousands of kilometers of highways and hundreds of kilometers of railroads in the liberated territories after the victory in the Second Karabakh War of 2020.
Azerbaijan has one of the largest civilian air cargo fleets in our region with 18 planes.
By the end of 2024, the number of international airports in Azerbaijan will increase from today’s 7 to 9.
The resolution of the Karabakh conflict at the end of 2020 created new opportunities for the development of the transport connectivity projects in our region. Once the Zangazur corridor is opened, it will further increase the transportation capabilities of the countries from the region and will be beneficial to all countries along the route.
Azerbaijan presented five basic principles for the peace agreement to Armenia based on the mutual recognition of each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity. Now, we need without preconditions and artificial delays to start the work on the draft peace treaty.
But unfortunately, on 13 September this year Armenia perpetrated large-scale military provocation at the state border with Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani Armed Forces resolutely repulsed the Armenian provocation. This provocation is a huge blow to the normalization process between two countries. All responsibility for this lies with the military-political leadership of Armenia.
Inefficiency of some leading international organizations is a matter of concern. In this regard, I would like to mention the four United Nations Security Council resolutions adopted in 1993, demanding withdrawal of armed forces of Armenia from Azerbaijan’s occupied territories. While some resolutions of the Security Council are implemented within days, in our case they remained unfulfilled for 27 years. Azerbaijan resolved the Karabakh conflict by military-political means and itself, enforced the implementation of the abovementioned Security Council resolutions.
Since 2019 Azerbaijan is chairing the Non-Aligned Movement, the second largest international institution after the UN, which unites 120 countries. Our chairmanship was unanimously prolonged for one more year until 2023 and this is a sign of respect, confidence and trust in our country. Azerbaijan will continue to build its activities based on international law, justice and global security.
x x x
Expressing his gratitude to President Ilham Aliyev, President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev said: Thank you, Ilham Heydar oglu, for a meaningful speech. As you mentioned, first of all, the development of regional cooperation with Azerbaijan in the transport and communications and economic and trade areas is of particular interest to us.
x x x
Other heads of state and government also addressed the Summit.
The organizational issues then were reviewed, the decisions were made and the Samarkand Declaration of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization was signed.
x x x
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization is an intergovernmental organization founded in Shanghai on 15 June 2001.
Since its inception in 2001, the SCO has mainly focused on regional security issues, its fight against regional terrorism, ethnic separatism and religious extremism. To date, the SCO’s priorities also include regional development.
After 21 years, the organization has become not only a strong pillar of global peace and development but also a major force for international equity and justice.
The SCO has been an observer in the UN General Assembly since 2005. In April 2010, the UN and SCO Secretariats signed a Joint Declaration on Cooperation.
Over the years, the SCO has established strong partnerships with the host of influential organizations, including UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), as well as the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and the UN Office on Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT).
The SCO currently comprises eight Member States (China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan), four Observer States interested in acceding to full membership (Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia) and six “Dialogue Partners” (Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkiye).
The SCO Secretariat, based in Beijing, is the main permanent executive body of the SCO. The Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General Zhang Ming.
The SCO Secretariat coordinates the activity of the SCO and provides informational, analytical, legal, organizational and technical support.
The SCO calls for observing the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter and the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, providing a new platform and model for multilateral cooperation to improve global governance.
Uzbekistan is the current chair of SCO. President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev attends the SCO Summit in Samarkand as a guest of honor at the invitation of Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev.